Tag Archives: MDG

Access to water through an ATM-style dispenser in Kenya: Is it possible in Nigeria?

One of the problems of Small Town and Rural Water Supply is how to collect effectively and efficiently revenue from communities for the services provided.

Sustainable rural and small town water supply depends to a large extent on the ability of Water Consumers Association, in the case of Small Town, and WASHCOM in case of rural water supply, to collect revenue for services rendered.

In the early part of 2005 this blogger was involved in a scoping study of community water supply management organized by WaterAid in Benue State. It was discovered that the facilities that were managed by WASHCOMS that collected revenues efficiently were running well compared with those that were the reverse was the case. Similar results have been observed in the European Union Water Supply and Sanitation Sector Reform Programme (WSSSRP) in Nigeria.

The success recorded in Kenya slum of Mathare using ATMs should be given a trial in Nigeria.

Kenya slum Mathare gets cheap water through ATMs

BBC Report, 22 June 2015
From the section Africa

Residents of the Mathare slum area of Kenya’s capital, Nairobi, are now able to access water through an ATM-style dispenser. People living in slums traditionally rely on vendors, who are expensive, or polluted sources to get drinking water. But the new system, where people use a smart card, is designed to provide cheaper and cleaner water.

The water company is opening four of these dispensers in Nairobi and there are hopes the scheme will be expanded. A version of the scheme has been used in rural areas in Kenya, but it is thought this is the first time that it will be used in an urban area.

Residents swipe the smart cards, topped up at a kiosk or through a mobile phone, at the dispenser and water starts flowing from the tap.

The Nairobi City Water and Sewerage company says it is charging half a Kenya shilling (half a US cent) for 20 litres of water. This is much cheaper than the rates being charged by the water vendors, reports the BBC’s Abdullahi Abdi in Nairobi.

The dispensers have been set up through a partnership between the local government and the Danish water engineering company Grundfos.

The company says that this public-private partnership model could be developed in other countries.

Meanwhile in another part of Nairobi residents are complaining about a water shortage.

The BBC’s Ahmed Adan in the suburb of Eastleigh says that vendors are selling water at 50 Kenya shillings for 20 litres – 100 times the price at the new water dispensing machines.

Having clean drinking water is one of the United Nations Millennium Development Goals and it is thought that worldwide more than 700 million people still do not have access to it.

Improving Access to Potable Water: Bauchi and Sokoto States’ Efforts

Improving Access to Potable Water: Bauchi and Sokoto States’ Efforts


3000 Bauchi communities to get access to potable water

by Ahmed Mohammed, Sunday Trust, 23 December 2012.

Bauchi State Rural Water Supply and Sanitation Agency (RUWASSA) has expressed its commitment to providing access to safe water to 1.5 million people in 3,000 communities in Bauchi State.

General Manager of the Agency Engineer Garba Magaji, who spoke yesterday while briefing newsmen on the activities of the agency in Bauchi, said government had given adequate attention to access to safe water supply and sanitation in line with the millennium development goals and the National WASH Policy.

Engineer Magaji said government’s efforts to boost water supply in the rural areas led to the establishment of the agency with corresponding progressive annual increase in budgetary allocation.

He said government had approved a state WASH policy to guide programme implementation which, he added, had attracted international donors’ attention.

“The state is at present a beneficiary of two donors-supported projects in rural water supply and sanitation-a DIFD/UNICEF supported Sanitation Hygiene and Water in Nigeria (SHAWN) project being implemented in five local government areas since 2010 and the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) supported rural water supply project which is part of government of Japan’s grant aid programme to be implemented in 14 local government areas from January 2013,” Engineer Magaji, who hailed Bauchi State governor Isa Yuguda’s commitment to rural water supply said.


While congratulating Bauchi State government in its efforts to improve access to potable water in the rural areas, one cannot but wonder what proportion of this initiative is borne by donors:  what fraction of the 3,000 communities is being covered by the donors and what fraction is the state’s.

It would also be of great interest to know what percentage of the government budget is devoted to rural water supply as most states in Nigeria proclaim their commitment to development, a program that must have access to water supply as a basic component.

Reference is made to what the State is doing with respect to Millennium Development Goals (MDG). It will also be interesting to know how much the State got for its MDG projects as well as the status of such MDG projects.




Sokoto spends N200m on rural water

By Maiyaki Usman, Daily Times NG, December 14, 2012

Sokoto State Commissioner for Water Resources Alhaji Arzika Tureta, said on Thursday that the government had spent N200 million to upgrade various rural water schemes across the state.

Sokoto State Commissioner for Water Resources Alhaji Arzika Tureta, said on Thursday that the government had spent N200 million to upgrade various rural water schemes across the state.

Tureta said in Sokoto that the schemes were upgraded to semi urban water status to ensure clean and potable water to the people.

According to him, the benefiting communities included Bulanyaki, Bangi, Alasan, Jabo, Birni Ruwa, Gulumbawa, Gatawa, Hamma’ali Bunkari, Lukuyawa, Kurawa, Badau, Modachi, Bakale, Rafin Sanyi Kubutta and Kokota villages.

The Commissioner called on the communities to imbibe the culture of safeguarding government property against vandals, adding that government would continue to implement policies and programmes that would enhance the well being of the people through the provision of infrastructure across the state.


Congratulations to the Sokoto State Government in its efforts to ensure that its rural population have access to potable water. However, one cannot but ask the following questions on the State’s  efforts:

  1. What are the sources of the water for the schemes that were upgraded?
  2. How many schemes were upgraded with N200 million?
  3. Does it mean that the schemes that were upgraded were supplying poor-quality water to the rural people because according to the State’s Commissioner for Water Resources the upgrading is supposed to bring these schemes “to semi urban status to ensure clean and potable water to the people.”?

It appears that Sokoto State Government did not involve the benefiting communities in its water supply efforts. If it did, it would have educated the communities about what would need to be done after the upgrading exercise, such as the need to safeguard the facilities rather than just drop a hint at the completion of the project.

Furthermore, it would have put in place institutions like  water consumers associations  that would have been given the responsibility for maintenance of the upgraded schemes.